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Life Chronology

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Brief Chronology

2 October 1869 Birth at Porbandar.
  1882 Marriage with Kasturbai, aged 13.
June 1888 Son, Harilal born.
29 September 1888 Reached Southampton, England
6 November 1888 Enrolled at the Inner Temple, Inn of Court
27 May 1891 Called to the Bar.
28 October 1892 Son, Manilal born.
25 May 1893 Reached Durban, Natal.
26 May 1893 Refused to remove his Paghadi; left the court.
31 May 1893 Thrown off the first class carriage of the train at Pietermartizburg Station.
  1893 Read Tolstoy's 'Kingdom of God is Within You'.
22 August 1894 Founded the 'Natal Indian Congress'.
9 July 1896 Commenced writing the 'Green Pamphlet' at Rajkot.
16 November 1896 Public lecture at Poona; chaired by Ramkrishna Bhandarkar.
4 May 1897 Son, Ramdas born.
11 October 1899 Established Indian Ambulance Corp during the Boer War.
22 May 1900 Assisted Kasturbai in the delivary of son Devadas.
4 June 1903 First issue of 'Indian Opinion' published.
December 1904 Established 'Phoenix Settlement'.
20 July 1906 Took the vow of Brahmcharya.
11 September 1906 Advent of Satyagraha at Empire Theatre, Johannesburg, where people took a pledge with God as their witness, to oppose the Black Act.
1 October 1906 Left for England as a member of the Indian Delegation.
22 March 1907 Asiatic Registration Bill passed in Transvaal Parliament. 
  1908 The term 'Satyagraha' adopted based on Maganlal Gandhi's fomulation 'Sadagraha'.
10 January 1908 Awarded two months' simple imprisonment for refusal to obtain registration.
30 January 1908 Agreement signed with General Smuts on voluntary registration.
10 February 1908 Mir Alam and others assault Gandhiji.
16 August 1908 Breach of faith and bonfire of certificate.
14 October 1908 Awarded two months' rigourous imprisonment for entry into the Transvaal without permit.
23 June 1909 Left for England as a member of the Indian Delegation.
13-22 November 1909 Wrote 'Hind Swarajya' aboard the ship 'Kildonan Castle'.
11-18 December 1909 'Hind Swarajya' published in 'Indian Opinion'.
March 1910 'Hind Swarajya' proscribed. Sent a copy of English rendering 'Indian Home Rule' to Tolstoy.
23 June 1910 Established Tolstoy Farm; vowed to eschew milk; commenced experiments in frutarian diet.
22 October 1912 Gopalkrishna Gokhale's South Africa tour commenced.
22 September 1913 Kasturba and others arrested. 
23-Sep 1913 Kasturba was awarded 3 months' rigourous imprisonment.
18 December 1913 MKG released from jail unconditionally with others, before the completion of  the period of imprisonement.
22 December 1913 Kasturba released from prison.
26 June 1914 Indians' Relief Bill (1914), passed.
18 July 1914 Travelled to London to meet Gokhale; Phoenix party at Santiniketan.
17 February 1915 Visited Santiniketan.
5 April 1915 Visited Kumbh Mela, Hardwar.
20 May 1915 Established 'Satyagraha Ashram', Kochrab.
26 June 1915 Awarded the 'Kaisare Hind' medal.
11 September 1915 First Harijan family of Dudabhai, Danibehn and Laxmi joined the Ashram.
15 November 1915 Elected as Vice President of Gujarat Sabha.
6 February 1916 Lectured at Benaras Hindu University.
26 December 1916 Met Jawaharlal Nehru for the first time at Lucknow Congress.
10 April 1917 Travelled to Patna with Rajkumar Shukla to investigate condition of indigo farmers.
18 April 1917 Gave a statement in the court about disobedience of prohibitary orders.
17 June 1917 Sabarmati Ashram established.
20 October 1917 Presided over the Second Gujarati Education Conference, Bharuch.
3 November 1917 Presided over the First Gujarat Political Conference, Godhara.
7 November 1917 Mahadev Desai joined as Secretary.
14 February 1918 Appointed to arbitar the dispute between Mill-owners and Mill-hands of Ahmedabad.
15 March 1918 Indefinite fast to keep the resolve of striking Mill-hands commenced.
18 March 1918 Broke fast after compromise.
22 March 1918 Addressed the public meeting of 5000 peasants at Nadiad; advised them to not pay land revenue.
24 February 1919 Satyagraha pledge against 'Rowlett Act'.
6 April 1919 National Hartal and Satyagraha against the Rowlett Act.
9 April 1919 Arrested at Palval Station.
13 April 1919 Massacre at Jallianwala Baug; three days' fast in Ahmedabad commenced.
7 September 1919 First issue of 'Navajivan' published.
8 October 1919 First issue of 'Young India' published.
15 November 1919 Congress boycott the Hunter Commission and set up independent inquiry.
2 August 1920 Returned the honours to the Government, commencement of Non-co-operation.
18 October 1920 Gujarat Vidyapith established.
24 December 1921 Given the reigns of the Congress in Ahmedabad.
29 January 1922 Bardoli Taluka resolved against payment of land revenue and Civil-Disobedience.
4 February 1922 Policemen at Chauri Chaura killed.
10 March 1922 Gandhiji and Shankerlal Banker arrested.
11 March 1922 Charged of sedition for the authorship of three articles in Young India.
18 March 1922 Trial held at Ahmedabad Circuit House; Judge Broomfield awarded Gandhiji a sentence of six years' imprisonment.
21 March 1922 Transferred to Yeravda Prison.
12 January 1924 Operated for appendicites at Sasoon Hospital, Poona.
5 February 1924 Released unconditionally.
6 April 1924 The publication of 'Dakshin Africana Satyagrahano Itihas' in Navajivan.
17 September 1924 Twenty one days' fast for communal harmony commenced at Maulana Mohammed Ali's house, Delhi.
26 December 1924 Presided over the Belgaum Congress.
22 September 1925 'All India Spinners' Association' established.
7 November 1925 Madeleine Slade joined Satyagraha Ashram, named Mirabehn.
29 November 1925 The publication of 'Satyana Prayogo athava Atmakatha' commences in Navajivan.
3 December 1925 The publication of 'Autobiography or The Story of My Experiments with Truth' commences in Young India.
3 February 1928 Boycott of Simon Commission.
27 June 1929 Wrote introduction to 'Anasktiyoga'.
31 October 1929 Viceroy Lord Irwin annouces Round Table Conference.
27 December 1929 Purna Swaraj Resolution adopted at Lahore Congress.
15 February 1930 Wrote to the Viceroy about his intention to break the Salt Law.
12 March 1930 Dandi March commences from Satyagraha Ashram.
6 April 1930 Broke the Salt Law.
5 May 1930 Arrested and sent to Yeravda Prison.
26 January 1931 Released from prison.
5 March 1931 Gandhi-Irwin pact signed.
12 September 1931 In London as the sole representative of the Congress at the Second Round Table Conference.
13 September 1931 Recorded a message for the people of America.
9 October 1931 Met Maria Montessori.
20 October 1931 'God is' recorded.
5 November 1931 Attended (in his loin-cloth) the Royal reception for the delegates of the Second Round Table Conference at the Buckingham Palace at the invitation of Emperor George V.
13 November 1931 Declared his opposition to the proposed Communal Award.
1 December 1931 Second Round Table Conference ends.
6 December 1931 With Romain Rolland.
12 December 1931 In Vatican. Met Mussolini in Rome.
1 January 1932 Congress Working Committee adopted the resolution of Civil Disobedience.
4 January 1932 Arrested and sent to Yeravda for indefinite period; Vallabhbhai fellow prisoner.
10 March 1932 Mahadev Desai transfered to Yeravda.
17 August 1932 Premier Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award.
18 August 1932 Letter to Ramsay Macdonald declaring his intentions to fast unto death against the Communal Award.
20 September 1932 The fast commenced.
24 September 1932 Poona Pact signed.
26 September 1932 Broke the fast.
30 September 1932 'Harijan Sevak Sangh' established.
11 February 1933 Commneced publication of 'Harijan'. 'Harijan Sevak' (Hindi), commenced publication on 23rd February and 'Harijanbandhu' (Gujarati) commenced publication on 12th March.
29 April 1933 Resolved to fast for 21 days at midnight.
1 May 1933 Issued a statement about the fast; unconditional and for self-purification.
8 May 1933 Commenced the fast. Released from prison.
29 May 1933 Fast broken.
31 July 1933 Declare his intention to offer Individual Satyagraha.
1 August 1933 Arrested at Ahmedabad and sent to Sabarmati Prison; shifted to Yeravda later.
14 September 1933 Went to Wardha with a decision to not involve himself with politics.
30 September 1933 Satyagraha Ashram, Sabarmati given to Harijan Sevak Sangh.
7 November 1933 Nationwide Harijan Yatra commenced.
25 April 1934 A mob attacked in Bihar at the instigation of Lalanath Shastri.
9 May 1934 Toured Orissa on foot.
18 May 1934 Withdrew Collective Satyagraha.
25 June 1934 Bomb thrown at his motorcade in Poona.
17 September 1934 Declared his intention to retire from Congress.
30 October 1934 Resigned from the Congress.
14 December 1934 'All India Village Industries' Association' established.
30 April 1936 Moved to Segaon from Wardha.
31 October 1936 Presided over the 12th Gujarati Sahitya Parishad.
12 November 1936 Travancore temples opened to Harijans.
 2 February 1939 Kasturba arrested in Rajkot by Thakoresaheb.
3 March 1939 Commenced fast at Rajkot against the breach of trust.
7 March 1939 Broke the fast; Chief Justice Maurice Gwyer appointed the arbitrator.
16 April 1939 Sir Maurice Gwyer declared award in favour of the people of Rajkot; Muslims and Bhayats demonstrate against Gandhiji and disrupt a prayer meeting.
23 July 1939 Wrote a letter to Adolf Hitler.
31 October 1939 Congress Ministries resign.
5 March 1940 Segaon named Sevagram.
11 October 1940 Congress Working Committee meeting at Sevagram; Individual Satyagraha proposed.
17 October 1940 Vinoba chosen as the first Individual Satyagrahi.
13 December 1941 'On Constructive Programme' published.
30 December 1941 The Congress Working Committee at Bardoli accepted Gandhiji's request to free him from the responsibility of guiding the Congress.
15 January 1942 Informed Congress Working Committee at Sevagram that Jawaharlal Nehru would be his political heir.
27 March 1942 Advised the Cripps Mission to return to England.
14 July 1942 Congress Working Committee adopted the resolution for immediate withdrawl of the British from India.
8 August 1942 'Quit India' resolution adopted; gave the call 'Do or Die'.
9 August 1942 Gandhiji and Congress Working Committee members arrested; Gandhiji imprisoned at the Aga Khan Palace.
15 August 1942 Death of Mahadev Desai;cremated at Aga Khan Palace.
10 February 1943 Commenced a 21 day fast.
22 February 1944 Death of Kasturba; cremated at Aga Khan Palace.
6 May 1944 Released unconditionally .
14 June 1945 Lord Wavell calls for negotiations.
15 June 1945 Congress Working Committee members released from Ahmedanagar Fort Prison. Ban on Congress lifted.
14 July 1945 The Viceroy declared the Simla Conference a failure.
23 March 1946 Three member British delegation reaches Delhi.
25 June 1946 The Congress Working Committee adopted resolution to accept the formation of the Constituent Assembly.
4 July 1946 The Viceroy formed an Interim Government.
16 August 1946 Communal riots in Calcutta.
2 September 1946 A 12 member Interim Government headed by Pandit Nehru formed.
10 October 1946 Communal violence in Noakhali.
15 October 1946 Muslim League representatives joined the Interim Government.
27 October 1946 Communal riots in Bihar.
6 November 1946 Left for Noakhali.
19 November 1946 Handed over the responsibility of Harijan Journals to Kaka Kalelkar, Kishorelal Mashruwala and Narahari Parikh.
2 January 1947 Bare Foot March to Noakhali commences.
30 March 1947 Tour of violence-affected villages of Bihar.
31 March 1947 Met the new Viceroy Lord Mountbatten.
1 April 1947 Addressed the Asian Relations Conference.
13 April 1947 Left for Bihar.
2 June 1947 The Congress, the Muslim League and the representatives of the Sikhs accept the plan of Partition.
13 June 1947 The Congress Working Committee adopted resolution to accept the Partition.
13 August 1947 In Calcutta with Shaheed Suhrawardy
15 August 1947 Spent the day in fast and prayer.
31 August 1947 Indefinite fast against the communal violence in Calcutta.
4 September 1947 Broke the fast.
9 September 1947 Reached Delhi.
12 January 1948 Commenced fast at Delhi.
18 January 1948 Broke the fast.
20 January 1948 A bomb thrown during the Prayer Meeting.
30 January 1948 Took three bullets on his chest. Godse the assassin.
31 January 1948 Cremated on the banks of the Yamuna by Ramdas.